Closed Coop/Pen System a Guarantee of Future Breeding Sustainability

Today, breeding is increasingly caught up in the flux of development and modernisation. This is a trend not to be taken lightly as it concerns standards of national food safety. The unceasing march of progress has forced the breeding industry to change in order to ensure public demand for livestock-based food sources remains consistent and attainable at reasonable prices.


The country cannot afford to rely solely on imports seeing as Malaysians consider livestock their main source of protein, a much-needed nutrient that maintains the perfect growth and physiology of our bodies. While the breeding industry is both a key economic driver and supplier to nationwide dietary demands, it should be more environmentally-friendly, minimising any negative bearings it has on people and surroundings.


Source: Livestock Statistics 2015, Penang Veterinary Services Department.


A closed coop/pen system is the current way forward that should be adopted by breeders, particularly those dealing in chicken and pork, if they want to continue their businesses into the future. The method has been deemed an effective solution in securing the viability and sustainability of the breeding industry for years to come.


Chief among the major issues impeding the establishment of these closed enclosures is a combination of modern infrastructure and high electricity consumption that requires hefty starting capital. On top of that, breeders must possess the skills, in-depth knowledge as well as the intense commitment required especially in the maintenance of the coop or pen’s ventilation and tools of the trade. Nonetheless, the impact and benefits received upon switching to this system substantially outweigh the cons.


The construction of such buildings allows control of their interiors according to the needs of the resident animals they house, thus offering greater comfort due to the absence of external disturbances and the minimisation of stress. This improvement in living conditions ultimately maximises production efficiency with optimum levels of feed consumption and conversion to meat as well as diminished reliance on anti stress.


Moreover, breeders will get a firmer handle on disease control as the system is capable of regulating pests like rats and wild birds that oftentimes are vectors of livestock illnesses. Not only does a reduced potential for infection lead to cost savings on medication, but also brings down death and injury rates, making possible an uptick in output.


Next, breeders will be able to keep a bigger herd of livestock compared to the limited capacity of open coops/pens. Naturally, this will result in a maximised total yield and therefore an upsurge in profits.


It helps too that the closed coop/pen system is kinder on the environment as animal waste such as their faeces are drier and emit less of the unsavoury scent that attracts flies. This will consequently entail a slash in the public complaints that typically follow any breeding activities in domestic areas.


If breeders are worried about unwelcome surprises in their monthly electricity bills, they can breathe a sigh of relief as they now have the choice of utilising solar energy to power their coops or pens. Despite the significant price tag attached to the technology, it merely involves installation expenses with the added perk of minimal periodic upkeep.


It is hence necessary that breeders replace an open system for a closed one so that their profession is sustainable in the long run.




Building: Compactly closed with holes for airflow.

Ventilation System: Exhaust Fan – Controls ventilation inside the building. | Air Conditioner – Chills the temperature inside the building by cooling incoming air.

Electrical Supply: Three-phase power or solar energy.

Standby Generator: Supplies electricity in case of any disruption in the main source.



Temperature & Humidity Sensor: Monitors the temperature and moisture of the building.

Alarm System: Alarm systems like sirens or bells that ring imme- diately in case machines experience disruptions or are out of service.

Feeding Appliances: Automatic or manual.

Drinking Appliances: Automatic or manual.

Lighting: Lighting inside the building.

Vaccine Dispenser: This appliance facilitates the distribution of vaccines and medication to livestock in a time-saving and controllable manner without the need of much manual labour.

Automatic Control System Panel: Required in case the coop/pen needs to be managed automatically. Linked to a sensor inside the building.


Automatic feeding machines (silos) & exhaust fan for ventilation.



1. Has high resistance to air in order to optimise control of interior aspects like temperature and moisture in the building.

2. Economic construction costs.

3. Cost-effective operations that is easy to manage and clean in addition to economic maintenance expenses.

4. Bird and pest proof in order to prevent their presence in the building.

5. Perfect ventilation comprising consistent temperature control as well as uniform air movements and patterns inside the entire building.

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